Heart attacks have been linked to death significantly among people aged between 25 and 44 in various waves of the COVID-19 epidemic, including the omicron variant, revealed an analysis of the information taken from the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai.
Before the outbreak, heart attacks were the fatal cause of death worldwide, but they were declining; the study indicates that death rates from heart attacks were higher in all age categories during the pandemic.
“The rapid rise in heart attacks in the outbreak has brought about the steady increase over the last decade of heart attacks,” said Yee Hui Yeo, MD, the study’s primary author. “We must learn about how COVID-19 affects the body regardless of gender, age, or ethnicity.”
Utilizing information from the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control’s National Vital Statistics System, the Cedars-Sinai researchers discovered 1,522,699 heart attack deaths between April 1, 2012, and April 1, 2012. March 31, 2022.
The researchers then looked at mortality rates due to age between the period before and after the pandemic.
At the end of the second year of the epidemic, “observed” as opposed to “predicted” heart attack deaths had increased to 29.9 percent for people aged 25, 44, and above, 19.6% for people aged 45-64, and 13.7 percentage for those who are older than 65.
“There are many possible reasons for the rapid rise of cardiac deaths among COVID-19 patients. However, many questions remain unanswered,” Yeo said. “Importantly, our findings point out the disparities in mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic and continue throughout the omicron era.”
The possible reasons, Yeo stated, could be COVID-19 could cause or accelerate the development of coronary artery disease that is already present even in young adults.
The increase may also be due to social and psychological challenges associated with the pandemic, including job loss and other financial burdens that could cause chronic or acute stress that can lead to heart disease.
Researchers know that diseases like the flu can increase the chance of developing infections and heart attacks. Additionally, they have observed that the increase in stroke-related deaths is unprecedented.
“There is something different about how this virus can affect heart risks. The reason for this is because of a combination of inflammation and stress, caused by predisposing factors and how this virus interacts with the heart,” said Susan Cheng.
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